This page will retrace Emile Bitar's itinerary as a doctor and professor of
medicine, as well as his reflections on the duties, obligations, and ethics of the medical profession.
It will list his academic publications in International Medical journals and
summarize their findings.
It will also include information on the Lebanese Rheumatology Society which
Emile Bitar presided for several years.
|At Medical School in France
|Dr Bitar seen by cartoonist Pierre Sadek
Emile Bitar - Bibliography
(heartful thanks to Professor Farid Sami Haddad)
1.- Bitar E. La
goutte au liban. Lebanese Medical J. 19(5):235-41, 1966 Sep-Oct.
E. Chemali F. Gedeon EM. L'os cuboide: localisation rare de l'ostéome ostéoide. Lebanese
Medical Journal. 22(1):49-54, 1969.
3.- Bitar E. La polyarthrite chronique rhumatoide de l'adulte au Liban. Rev du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Osteo-Articulaires. 36(3):84-6,
4.- Bitar E. La polyarthrite
chronique rhumatoide de l'adulte au Liban: a propos de 125 cas. Lebanese Medical Journal. 22(3):311-7, 1969.
5.- Bitar E. Les medecins libanais dans les pays arabes.
Lebanese Medical Journal. 22(5):653-6, 1969.
E. La coxarthrose en pratique rhumatologique au Liban.
Lebanese Medical Journal. 23(1):69-73, 1970.
7.- Naffah J. Bitar E. Nasr W. Khoury K.
Etude genetique de la polyserite paroxystique familiale. 72 cas. Nouvelle Presse Medicale. 4(14):1031-3, 1975 Apr 5. Abst:
Study of the mode of hereditary transmission of familial paroxystic polyserositis in Lebanon led us to conclude that the disease
was transmitted in a dominant fashion. In almost one third of our families, dominant transmission was certain or probable.
In the other families, dominant heredity was not excluded if the hypothesis, supported by many facts, of incomplete penetrance
is accepted. The possibility that certain forms of the disease are dominant and others recessive cannot be rejected, but in
the absence of biological proff of this genetic heterogeneity it cannot be confirmed. The majority of the patients, as is
usual in the disease, were male. The highest risk groups in the Lebanese population are Armenians and Shiite Moslems
8.- Bitar E. Naffah J. Nasr W. Khoury K. La maladie periodique
(polyserite paroxystique familiale) a propos de 52 cas. Rev Rhumat et Malad Ostéo-Articulaires. 43(4):267-72, 1976 Apr. Abst:
On the basis of well defined diagnostic criteria, the authors conclude that periodic disease affects males in particular.
It commences before the age of 20 years in 80 percent of cases. In particular it occurs in Armenian and Shiite communities.
Its evolution is normally benign ; amyloidosis is found in only 8 percent of cases. Joint manifestations are found in 48 percent
of cases and may take on different aspects and occur in several different sites : myaglia or arthralgia, monoarthitis, oligoarthritis,
polyarthritis, neck or sacroiliac pain. The authors have not noted prolonged peripheral joint episodes. No cases of amyloidosis
were diagnosed before the appearance of the clinical signs of the disease. An autosomal, dominant heredity with incomplete
penetration seems to be the most likely hypothesis.
9.- Bitar E. Rizk A. Nasr W. Gedeon EM. Tabbara W. Polyserite paroxystique familiale. Complications peritoneales inedites.
Une observation. Presse Medicale. 14(10):586-8, 1985 Mar 9. Abst: A young unmarried Lebanese woman presenting with periodic
disease (familial paroxysmal polyserositis) since she was 3 months old developed recurrent abundant ascites at the age of
21 years. Several hundred millilitres of strongly eosinophilic fluid were evacuated. Exploratory laparotomy unexpectedly disclosed
an encapsulating peritonitis with adhesions involving the small bowel and the ascending colon; there were masses of lipid-laden
cells, clusters of cholesterol/crystals and marked mesoepithelial reaction. In view of the patient's dramatic response to
colchicine 2 mg/day, these findings were regarded as being related to the periodic disease.
10.- Bitar E. Ghayad E. Ghoussoub K. Sinno W. Chams H. Khoury A. BaloglouP. Kallab
K. Halaby C. Chemaly R. et al. La maladie de Behcet. A propos de 32 cas. Rev Rhumat et Malad Ostéo-Articulaires. 53(11):621-4,
1986 Nov. Abst: The study of 32 cases of Behcet's disease has enabled the authors to ascertain that the disease presents no
particular characteristics in Lebanon, except certain variations in the frequency of the symptoms. Their study includes two
familial cases, or approximately 3 p. cent and confirms the severity of these forms. Colchicine proves to be an effective
treatment able to cure cutaneous and articular symptoms and perhaps stabilize the ocular lesions. The long-term efficacy of
steroid therapy in ocular manifestations is not certain. Chlorambucil caused a stabilization of ocular lesions in four patients.
11.- Bitar E. Mohasseb G. Tabbara W.
Jawish R. Chaftari R. Khayat G. A propos de l'ossification du ligament longitudinal posterieur du rachis lombaire. Rev Rhumatisme
et Malad Ostéo-Articul. 54(12):789-93, 1987 Dec. Abst: The authors present five cases (4 men, 1 women) of ossification of
the posterior lumbar longitudinal ligament. The mean age is 61 years. They emphasize the extreme rarity of this location,
its association with ankylosing spinal hyperostosis and diabetes in three patients; they also give a reminder of the characteristics
of this radiological symptom. They discuss the etiology on the basis of three hypotheses (disc deterioration, hyperostosis,
disease described by Japanese authors).
12.- Bitar E. Saliba G. Khoury K. Nasr W. Akatcherian C. Majdalani E. Vassoyan J. Aoun JP. Ayoun SS. Tabet M. et al. Les manifestations
musculaires de la maladie periodique. Rev Rhum et des Malad Ostéo-Articulaires. 55(4):261-3, 1988 Mar 15. Abst: Between 1976
and 1983, the authors studied 50 new patients affected with periodic disease. 16 of them-mean age: 29-presented muscular manifestations.
They may be grouped into two clinical aspects: muscular pain and contractures. The authors consider that these symptoms, first
described in 1945, are an inherent part of the clinical picture of the disease. They discuss their relationship with periarteritis
nodosa and remind the fact that their pathogenesis remains unknown.
E. Haddad F. Bitar E. Kharrat K. Daou R. Chondromatose
synoviale de la hanche. Annales de Chirurgie. 43(10):824-8, 1989. Abst: The authors report a case of synovial chondromatosis
of the hip in physically active male adult operated on three years ago and apparently cured. Review of the literature shows
that the diagnosis, essentially based on X-ray examination, bonescan and arthrography, needs to be confirmed by histological
examination. Treatment must be surgical and must be carried out as soon as possible to prevent arthrosis. Surgery should include
thorough excision of the synovial membrane and a curettage of the acetabular fossa to avoid recurrence. Under these conditions,
prognosis appears to be excellent.
14.- Mechelany E. Haddad F. Bitar E. Kharrat K. Daou R. Chondromatose synoviale de la hanche.
Annales de Radiologie. 33(4-5):284-8, 1990. Abst: The authors report a case of synovial chondromatosis of the hip in physically
active male adult operated on three years ago and apparently cured. Review of the literature shows that the diagnosis, essentially
based on X-ray examination, bone-scan and arthrography, needs to be confirmed by histological examination. Treatment must
be surgical and must be carried out as soon as possible to prevent arthrosis. Surgery should include thorough excision of
the synovial membrane and a curettage of the acetabular fossa to avoid recurrence. Under these conditions, prognosis appears
to be excellent.